Somalia - EU Roadmap for engagement with civil society (2021 - 2025)
EU official document
Following the collapse of the Somalia government in 1991, the country witnessed one of the most violent civil wars in modern history and this resulted in large scale destruction of private and public institutions including governance structures. The state collapse and the attendant lawlessness continued until 2000 when the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was established. The TFG provided a continued sense of statehood until 2012 when the Provisional Federal Constitution was adopted and the elections held. Since then, progress has been made in state building with the establishment of federal member states as well as of arms of government including parliament, judiciary, security agencies, accountability and oversight institutions.
Civil society operations are still constrained by, among others, demands placed on local CSOs by authorities to, for example, allocate funding to local governments for monitoring of CSO activities and government officials directing CSOs what type of activities to implement and the geographical locations where these activities should be implemented. This Roadmap sets out the EU's enhancement for engaging with civil society.